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Church History

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Updated 22 May 2013

 

Record of Stained Glass

Updated 15 January 2015

 

Illustrated Guide to the Church
(Printed copies available in church - £2)

Vicars of Hessle

Churchwardens of Hessle

Curates of Hessle

Memorials and Benefaction Notices.
(memorial inscription information update 2017)

Angela Dalleywater, FSSI, updated the List of Vicars, printed on Vellum, in 2007 and carried out restoration in 2013 following damage due to water ingress into the frame.

 

 

See Hull as it may have looked in the 
14th Century as Holy Trinity Church
, our daughter church, was built.
(Hull School of Art & Design (2nd year) project)
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Plan of the church building c.1870.

"Reproduced by kind permission of Lambeth Palace Library"

Note:-

Eleven blocks of pews are marked for the Poor. Some seats are marked free (Joseph Walker Pease, a Benefactor, was very keen on this). None of the "appropriated" seats are marked with the names of their owners. And there is another area marked Vestry at the east end of the North Chapel. 

Hanoverian Shield 1725 (rededicated Sunday 15 March 2015)

Window hidden in organ chamber.

Original Window in the Barnabas Chapel.  (Replaced in 1971.)

Mrs Cockin pictured with The Rt Revd Dr David Hope, who was then Archbishop of York,
 and the Revd Kenith David at the dedication of a plaque in memory of her husband 
Bishop George Cockin - 1st Bishop of Owerri Nigeria.  
( The plaque is now displayed on a wall in the south aisle. )

Choir, Clergy (Rev Edwin Barnes, Rev David Walker and Rev Alan Sutherland) and Churchwardens, Colin Mather and Edward Watson, in front of the original Vicarage in Vicarage Lane.  (1982 -1983)

Church in 1908

Church Interior 1909



Pictures submitted by Mike Birks

Before the Church Hall was built 
(a Doctor's House) 

*note - Garage premises

Church in 1950

Church decorated for Harvest Festival (date unknown c1960's) original picture by Barrie Westerdale. 
Church about 1925 
(submitted by Robert McMillan)
Confirmation Medal 8 June 1884 (French Origin) and Church of England Men's Society badge. Family souvenirs of Doreen Thomson. 

St Mary's, the Chapel on the Cliff (Hessle Foreshore), now demolished, 
submitted by Pat Howlett


Dedication of War Memorial 12 July 1921.

Old St James Church 
(First Lane to the right, fields in the background!)

Old St James Church 
(after refurbishment now turned into residences)

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A film produced for  Key Stage 1 and 2 to record  the 1000 year
history of  the church and its involvement  in the local community.

From our 1964 - 1986 Archives (14 Minutes). 

Organ restoration 2001 (17 Minutes). 

An extract from a recording of Evensong in June 1955. 

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THE PARISH CHURCH OF
ALL SAINTS' CHURCH HESSLE

The township of Hessle , near the Humber-side, dates from Anglo-Saxon times. The original settlement grew up between the woods that were later ‘called Hesslewood and the salt marshes which then stretched eastward to the river Hull . The Anglians named it “Hoesellea,” i.e., the hazel grove or meadow; the Normans called it Hase.

The ecclesiastical Parish of Hessle in medieval times comprised the township proper and the lands between Hessle creek and the river Hull . The site on the Hull , purchased by Edward I in 1293, became Kingston upon Hull . The Church of All Saints , Hessle, thus served as the Parish Church of a typical East Yorkshire village, and also for nearly four centuries as Mother Church to the magnificent Chapel of the Holy Trinity at Hull .

Down to the year 1661, when Holy Trinity became an independent parish, most of the Old Town of Hull was subject ecclesiastically to the Vicar of Hessle. In fact, until the year 1301 the dead were brought from Hull (by the Humber bank) to Hessle for burial.

In Anglo-Saxon times Hessle was the meeting place of the Saxon Hundred. In Norman times the manor of Hessle became subject to the great Lordship of Cottingham.

Hessle Parish Church was completely rebuilt in the reign of King Stephen. Some of the stonework at the west end of the nave dates from that time. An earlier church, probably Anglo-Saxon, is mentioned in Domesday Book, 1086: “A church is there and a priest.” The fact that two important Anglian cists (or coffins) of chalk Stones were discovered in the churchyard near the tower, suggests that the earlier church stood to the west of the present nave.

Interior of Church prior to 1868 alterations.

To appreciate the early development of the church it must be remembered that in the years 1868-70 it was restored and considerably enlarged, the architect being Mr R. G Smith of Hull. The chancel and its aisles were then taken down and rebuilt further eastward, the nave lengthened by two bays, and the narrow aisles widened to treble their original width. The seating accommodation was thereby raised from 500 to over 1,000, and the disfiguring galleries in nave and chancel swept away.

In the eighteenth and early nineteenth century, the fabric of the church had been so neglected that rebuilding had become essential. In 1724, Warburton found the north chancel walls were largely of brick, and by 1868 we are told the nave walls had become a patchwork “partly of chalk (from the parish pits) of rubble-stones and mud.”In the rebuilding,” says Dr John Bilson, F.S.A., in his pamphlet on Hessle Church “the original features were so faithfully replaced that it is quite easy to realise what the Church was like before the enlargements were made.”  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE STRUCTURE

The structural development has been described by Dr Bilson:-
‘The twelfth century church consisted simply of nave and
chancel without aisles, and possibly a western tower. The length of the nave is marked by three original bays of the nave arcades - the three westernmost bays- and its width was the same as that of the present nave. The chancel would be much shorter than at present. it is possible that some parts of this original building remain at the western angles of the nave, some fragments of its windows and some corbels from the eaves of this twelfth century church have been built into the rebuilt south wall of the chancel, on the side next the south chapel. Many of its stones, with the characteristic diagonal axing, have been re­used in the later walls

“The addition of narrow aisles formed, us was usually the case, the first enlargement of the original church, which was carried out in the earlier years of the thirteenth century. To this work belong the three westernmost bays of the nave arcades, and the north and south doorways, both of which were rebuilt when he aisles were widened in 1863-70.

The chancel arch also belongs to the beginning of the thirteenth century, and, before it was raised (in the year 1892) its lowness was accounted for by the fact that there was no clerestory to the nave, the roof springing from immediately above the arcades.  There is little doubt that at the same time the chancel was either considerably lengthened, or entirely rebuilt.

“The next work was the addition of an aisle on the north side of the chancel This dates from the middle or second half of the thirteenth century. “Before the middle of the fourteenth century two windows, with excellent flowing tracery, were inserted in the north side of the nave, in the two bays to the east of the north door.

“The most considerable work of the fifteenth century was the erection of the western tower, with its graceful spire. At the same time the aisles of the nave, which originally finished in line with the eastern face of the tower, were extended along the sides of the tower, with a two-light window at the west end of each, and a three-light window on each side. The latter have been rebuilt in the widened aisles. The west ends of these extensions of the aisles show the original width of the aisles of the nave before they were widened in 1868-70.

“The insertion of the east window of the chancel seems to have been contemporary with the erection of the lower part of the western tower. At this time the chancel walls were lower than at present; they were raised in 1868-70.

“The fifteenth century work included the insertion of the east window of the north chapel. Later in the same century two new windows of three lights were inserted in the south aisle of the nave, to the east of the south porch.

“In the fifteenth century too the walls of the nave were raised to form a clerestory. Late in the century an aisle was added on the south side of the chancel.”

The heavy cost of enlarging and rebuilding the nave of the church and its aisles was borne almost entirely by the parishion­ers. The chancel however, was removed and rebuilt by Col. Joseph Walker Pease, J.P., Deputy Lieutenant of the East Riding and Churchwarden of Hessle. The pulpit was the gift of John Loft Fearne.

A new south porch was added in 1874 and new vestries and an organ chamber in 1901. Considerable deterioration in the stone-work led to extensive restoration of the church and the north porch in 1947.


                  A drawing of the Chancel in 1951

A central Altar was created in 1982 by removing the choir stalls in the Chancel and relocating them within the North Aisle.


Central Altar pictured in 2000

During 2001 the Organ was rebuilt by Geoffrey Coffin of Principal Pipe Organs of York, this involved turning the Organ through 90 degrees, to release sound in to the knave rather than trap the sound in the Chancel, changing the action of the organ and allowing the organist a better view of the service movements. 

 


Central space with high altar replacing mobile altar 2010.

The last major work on the bells took place in 1892, when the former ring of six was cast and installed by John Taylor & Co. of Loughborough. The bells were installed in a massive frame, which used most of the space available in the tower and gave a large, uneven circle of ropes. The original plain bearings were replaced with roller bearings about 50 years ago, but remained quite difficult to ring. No major maintenance was done on the bells after the bearings were replaced and there were increasing signs of wear to both bells and fittings.

The bellringers’ efforts to raise funds for work on the bells were galvanised by a bequest from Ken Adamson, which provided a firm basis not only to refurbish the six, but also to increase the number to eight and improve the ringing circle.

Barry Baxter took responsibility for the project and worked tirelessly, dealing with possible contractors and using his wide network of contacts in bellringing to obtain help and funding for the costs of over £40,000.

In 1999 we chose Hayward Mills Associates as our contractors and made final efforts to obtain a Faculty and the remainder of the funding.  When the shortfall was less than £5,000 the P.C.C. agreed to underwrite expenditure and we placed the order.

By the time work began, in June 2001, we had the whole amount promised:Canon Frederick and Rosemary Ross purchased the new Treble and Roddy and his sister Gail Horton purchased the new Second – both bells in memory of members of their families.

In addition to the Adamson bequest, donations were received from the Beverley and District Ringing Society, the Yorkshire Association of Change Ringers, the families of Hessle Bellringers, individual members of the Parish and Hessle High School Swing Band.

Led by Barry, the whole band worked as a team during the removal and installation, providing labour, accommodation, sustenance and childcare.

We now have a peal of eight, which will last over succeeding generations and could easily be augmented to ten tuned to F sharp.

Lighting has been repositioned to improve the view down the nave and highlight the worship areas.


Scaffolding for installation of new lighting,
showing original lighting located in nave.

 

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Last modified: May 24, 2017